Cybersecurity - Why is it important?
What is the word "cyber" origins?
The word "cyber" is derived from the Greek prefix "cyber", meaning "controller" or "one who steers".
It was first used in the early 19th century in the context of telegraphy, referring to someone who operated the telegraph. In the late 20th century, the term became associated with computer networks and information technology. The word "cyberspace" was first coined by science fiction writer William Gibson in his 1984 novel Neuromancer.
Cyber is also a prefix used in other words such as "cybernetics", "cyborg", and "cybersleuth". Cybernetics is the study of communication and control systems in living organisms and machines. A cyborg is a being with both organic and artificial parts. A cybersleuth is an investigator who uses the Internet to solve crimes.
What is cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting data, computer networks and systems from unauthorized access, damage or theft. It includes the prevention of data breaches, cyber attacks, and identity theft. Cybersecurity is a growing field as the use of computers and the Internet becomes more widespread. It requires a balance between people, process and technology. Cybersecurity is also known as information security, computer security or IT security.
What are the types of cybersecurity threats?
There are many different types of cybersecurity threats, including viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, phishing, ransomware, and denial of service attacks. Cybersecurity threats can also come from social engineering, which is when someone tries to trick you into giving them sensitive information.
How to succeed to protect yourself online?
There are a few things you can do to protect yourself online:
- Use strong passwords and never reuse them.
- Enable two-factor authentication.
- Keep your software up to date.
- Use a secure browser.
- Don't click on links in emails or text messages from people you don't know.
- Don't open attachments in emails or text messages from people you don't know.
- Be careful about what you post on social media.
- Be careful about what personal information you share online.
- Use a VPN.
- Install security software.
- Back up your data.
Why does it matter to protect yourself online?
It matters to protect yourself online because if you don't, you could become a victim of identity theft, cybercrime, or other online threats. By taking steps to protect yourself, you can help keep your personal information safe and secure.